Autism is a 'spectrum' disorder, which means the symptoms vary widely, and can vary from mild to severe. Two people with autism can act very differently and have widely varying skills. Sometimes, Autism is known as the 'hidden' disability, as people who have autism often appear the same as their peers, ie. There is no physical differences. It is their behavioural differences that mark them out as different. The three main areas of difficulties encountered by a person with autism are known as the 'triad of impairments'. These include:
Social Communication and
Scientists are not fully certain what causes Autism. Recent research suggests that it is likely pre-determined in our genetics. Research is still on-going, to determine which genes may be relevant. It is possible that there is not one cause for autism, but several factors involved that may cause Autism.